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Citations and Bibliographies: MLA Style

Common MLA Citation Examples for Works Cited Pages

For full style rules and formatting, see the MLA handbook for writers of research papers, which is available at the circulation desk for in-library use.  You can also see the following online guide for more citation examples for even more types of materials:


Source Type  General Format Example
Article from a database
Author(s) last name, first name. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume#.Issue#(Year):pages. Database Name. Web. Date accessed.
DeLaet, Debra L., and Rachel Paine Caufield. “Gay Marriage as a Religious Right: Reframing the Legal Debate over Gay Marriage in the United States.” Polity 40.3 (2008): 297–320. JSTOR. Web. 28 Nov. 2012.
Article in a scholarly journal in print
Author(s) last name, first name. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume#.Issue#(Year):pages. Print.
Hasan, Rafia. “The Role of Woman as Agents of Change and Development in Pakistan.” Human Rights Quarterly 3.3 (1981): 68–75. Print.
Article in an online magazine or newspaper
Author(s) last name, first name. "Article Title." Magazine/Newspaper Title. Website Sponsor or Publisher. Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.
Rich, Nathaniel. “Can a Jellyfish Unlock the Secret of Immortality?” The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 28 Nov. 2012. Web. 28 Nov. 2012.
Author(s) last name, first name. Book Title. Location published: Publisher, Year. Medium of publication.
Stein, Laura Lynn. Speech Rights in America: The First Amendment, Democracy, and the Media. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006. Print.
Book review / film review
Review Author. "Title of Review." Rev. of Book/Performance Title, by Author/Director. Periodical Title Date of Publication: page. Database Name (if applicable) Medium of publication. Date accessed (if from database).
Tanner, David E. “The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks.” Rev. of The Immortal Life of Henreitta Lacks, by Rebecca Skloot. Journal of Popular Culture 43.4 (2010): 916–918. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 Nov. 2012.
Article or chapter in an edited book or anthology
Author(s) of chapter/selection last name, first name.  "Selection Title." Book Title. Ed. Name of editor.  Location published: Publisher, Year. Pages. Medium of publication.
Hayes, Danny. "Parties and the Media: Getting Messages to Voters."  New Directions in American Political Parties. Ed. Jeffrey M. Stonecash. New York: Routledge, 2010. 44-62. Print.
Short work from a website
Author(s) of short work last name, first name (if available). "Title of the short work." Website Title. Sponser of the Site, date of publication or last update. Web. Date accessed.
Miller, Crystal. “Homemade Fermented Sauerkraut.” The Family Homestead. The Family Homestead, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012.
Entire website
Website author(s)/corporate author (if available). Website Title. Website Sponser, Date of publication or last update. Web. Date accessed.
Leip, David. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. David Leip, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012.

In-Text Citations

MLA in-text citations are made by incorporating information about the source into the text, followed by a parenthetical reference with specific pages cited or any additional information needed.

For full style rules and formatting, see the MLA handbook for writers of research papers, which is available at the Service desk for in-library use. 

Basic examples:

  • In Running for My Life, Lomong describes the difficulties of beginning school at tenth grade in upstate New York (110). [Here, author and work are evident in sentence so parenthetical includes page number only.]
  • In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, the U.S. government stopped the resettlement program that brought Sudanese "Lost Boys" to the United States (Lomong 119). [Here, author is not evident from the sentence, so parenthetical includes both the author name and the page number.]