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The Republic and HBO's The Wire PHIL-255-01: Housing

Housing and Real Estate Discrimination

‚ÄčZhu, Jieming, and Zhu Jieming. "Commercial Real Estate Capital in the Restructuring of Downtown Baltimore." Review Of Urban & Regional Development Studies 13, no. 1 (March 2001):73.

Along with the suburbanization and international division of labor, downtown Baltimore has been declining as a center of commerce in Maryland since the beginning of the 20th century. Government-led interventions have intended to stop vicious cycles of the city towards a despairing state, in the context that deconcentration of service jobs seemed irreversible due to the arrival of an "auto-air-amenity epoch." However, in an uncertain time when the city is undergoing restructuring, commercial real estate capital, playing a determinant role in shaping urban landscape, has contributed significantly to the formation of uneven temporal and spatial urban development. This paper finds that the rising of new premier waterfront locations for offices created by high-order capital precipitates the falling of the old Baltimore CBD, and thereby polarizes downtown Baltimore. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]


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Articles in Popular And Scholarly Periodicals

Articles and Scholarly Journals

Housing Discrimination Historical Context

Coates, Ta-Nehisi. THE CASE FOR REPARATIONS. The Atlantic Monthly, 06, 2014. 54,

In 2001, the Associated Press published a three-part investigation into the theft of black-owned land stretching back to the antebellum period. "Just be quiet," his father told him. "Because they'll come and kill us all." According to The New York Times, affidavits found loan officers referring to their black customers as "mud people" and to their subprime products as "ghetto loans.

Goering, John, Ali Kamely, and Todd Richardson. "Recent research on racial segregation and poverty concentration in public housing in the United States." Urban Affairs Review 32, no. 5 (1997): 723+

Newly available data from 1990 reveal that despite a decline in public sector housing segregation, the majority of black American public housing residents live in poor, racially isolated neighborhoods and white tenants typically live in less isolated neighborhoods. These patterns were influenced by overall residential segregation and public housing authority characteristics. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]



Kotkin, Joel. "For Retailers in some City Centers, Gentrification is a Four-Letter Word."New York Times, Jun 27, 1999, Late Edition (East Coast),

FOR 70 years, Hippodrome Hatters has sold handmade hats to fashion-conscious shoppers from a small store on North Eutaw Street on this city's West Side. Lou Boulmetis, who took over the business from his grandfather, has seen the area, once the center of Baltimore's retail trade, suffer through a long decline: the departure of old-line department stores, a rise in crime and the erosion of once-glorious retail facades.

But it is the so-called revival that has Mr. Boulmetis worried. His shop is in a building, built in 1810, that is now scheduled for demolition in a sweeping city program to remake the shopworn 18-block retail district, whose patrons are now mostly African-Americans. The project could displace more than 100 small businesses, many of them owned by African- or Korean-Americans, as roughly 100 properties are condemned and leveled.

In some cases, including Baltimore's West Side, redevelopment also threatens to obliterate a historic part of the city's architectural heritage. This has made the planned demolition a cause celebre with preservationist groups like Baltimore Heritage and the National Trust for Historic Preservation, which earlier this month named the West Side one of the nation's 11 most endangered places. (Baltimore has also drawn criticism recently for its sweeping demolition of row houses, a staple of the city's working-class neighborhoods.)

Gissen, David. "Schizophrenia and Gentrification." Radical History Review no. 94 (Winter2006 2006): 253-60,

The article focuses on the establishment of the Jim Rouse Visionary Center at the American Visionary Art Museum in Baltimore, Maryland. It recounts the contribution of developer and philanthropist James Rouse to the urbanization of Maryland. It discusses Rouse's work in urban redevelopment. It elaborates the concept of visionary art.

Short, John Rennie, and Michael Mussman. "Population Change in U.S. Cities: Estimating and Explaining the Extent of Decline and Level of Resurgence.Professional Geographer 66, no. 1 (February 2014): 112-123,

The revalorization of the U.S. metropolis and restructuring of the U.S. economy are leading to increasingly complex patterns of population growth and decline. In this article we provide an empirical context for understanding the embodied nature of these changes by analyzing the long-term, demographic changes for the 100 largest cities. In terms of population change we identify four model urban types: steady decline, continuous increase, growth interrupted, and slowly resurgent. We consider, in detail, cities where population decline has halted and others where there are indications of population resurgence. The article focuses on these resurgent cities, provides some causal explanations, discusses the role of gentrification, and explores policy implications. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Urban Environmental Issues

Bain, Daniel, Ian Yesilonis, and Richard Pouyat. "Metal concentrations in urban riparian sediments along an urbanization gradient." Biogeochemistry 107, no. 1-3 (February 2012): 67-79
Urbanization impacts fluvial systems via a combination of changes in sediment chemistry and basin hydrology. While chemical changes in urban soils have been well characterized, similar surveys of riparian sediments in urbanized areas are rare. Metal concentrations were measured in sediments collected from riparian areas across the urbanization gradient in Baltimore, MD. Average metal concentrations are similar to those observed in other regional studies. Two important spatial patterns are evident in the data. First, calcium concentrations double across the urbanization gradient, regardless of changes in underlying geochemistry at the boundary between the Eastern US Piedmont and Coastal Plain physiographic provinces. Alkali-earth metal ratios indicate that the additional Ca is very pure and possibly arises from cement common to urban systems. Second, hot spots of trace metals typically associated with urban systems (e.g., Cu, Zn, and Pb) occur in areas that have been artificially filled to create additional real estate in high land value areas. Together, these data indicate that riparian sediments exhibit unexpected patterns of metal contamination. If these sediments are remobilized, during events such as droughts or floods, this contamination may perpetuate legacy impacts to ecosystem health from a history of fluvial contamination. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]