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The Republic and HBO's The Wire PHIL-255-01: Black Lives Matter

The Beginning of the Movement

BAPTISTE, NATHALIE. "ORIGINS OF A MOVEMENT." Nation 304, no. 6 (February 27, 2017): 35-37. Academic Search Ultimate, EBSCOhost (accessed October 16, 2017).

To many, the Black Lives Matter movement started in August 2014, when protests erupted in Ferguson, Missouri, after a white police officer shot and killed an unarmed black teenager. But while the movement coalesced around the street marches in Ferguson and then spread to places like Baltimore, Cleveland, and Chicago, the declaration that supplied its name was coined considerably earlier: in 2013, shortly after George Zimmerman was acquitted of murder in the death of Trayvon Martin.

On the day of Zimmerman's acquittal, a Bay Area activist by the name of Alicia Garza took to Facebook. "I continue to be surprised at how little Black lives matter," she wrote. "And I will continue that. [S]top giving up on black life." The death of Michael Brown in Ferguson may have been the national tipping point, the moment when Americans were jolted awake by this new rallying cry. But it was Garza and her fellow activists, Opal Tometi and Patrisse Cullors, who helped popularize the phrase as a hashtag on Twitter and Tumblr one year earlier. Movements often have these kinds of indeterminate beginnings—several, at different moments in time, until they get everyone's attention—and today, in fact, there are so many iterations of Black Lives Matter that it is perhaps most accurate to describe the protests not as a movement but as a set of movements, each with different locally based groups, and without a clear leader or group of leaders.

Ruth, Michael. "Black Lives Matter." Salem Press Encyclopedia (January 2016): Research Starters, EBSCOhost (accessed October 16, 2017).

Black Lives Matter is an American social activist organization devoted to stopping violence and injustice against African Americans. The group was founded in 2013 following the acquittal of George Zimmerman, who had been charged with murdering black teen Trayvon Martin. Over the next few years, the Black Lives Matter movement swelled in popularity, particularly after several incidents of police brutality involving African Americans began permeating national news. In 2015, Black Lives Matter activists protested for racial equality at various events held by 2016 presidential election candidates.

Why Black Lives Matter

COBB, JELANI. "THE MATTER OF BLACK LIVES." New Yorker 92, no. 5 (March 14, 2016): 34-40. Readers' Guide Full Text Mega (H.W. Wilson), EBSCOhost (accessed October 16, 2017).

The article discusses the status of the Black Lives Matter protest movement in the U.S. Topics include the work of activists Alicia Garza and Patrisse Cullors in promoting the movement, a comparison of the movement's democratic organizing structure to the organizational structure of the 20th century black civil rights movements, and a campaign by Black Lives Matter activist DeRay Mckesson to become mayor of Baltimore, Maryland.

JOSEPH, PENIEL E. "WHY BLACK LIVES MATTER STILL MATTERS. (Cover story)." New Republic 248, no. 5 (May 2017): 16-19. Academic Search Ultimate, EBSCOhost (accessed October 16, 2017).

The cover story is provided which discusses the social movement Black Lives Matter (BLM), including its efforts against police brutality towards African Americans and its relationship with Black Power and the Black Panther Party. An overview of the BLM's support of civil rights and social justice African Americans is provided.

Future of the Movement

McCLAIN, DANI. "THE FUTURE OF BLM. (Cover story).Nation 305, no. 8 (October 9, 2017): 12-16. Academic Search Ultimate, EBSCOhost (accessed October 16, 2017).

The article explores the future of the racial-justice organization Black Lives Matter (BLM) that was founded in response to a string of black deaths at the hands of police. Topics covered include U.S. President Donald Trump characterizing BLMA as totally infiltrated by terrorist groups, the engagement by BLM organizers with electoral politics in new ways given the changed political terrain, and efforts of the Trump organization to crush black organizing.

Black Lives Matter Movement vs. Police

"US police arrest 35 Black Lives Matter protesters in Baltimore." Iranian Government News, 2015., InfoTrac Newsstand, EBSCOhost (accessed October 16, 2017).

Tehran: The IRIB has issued following news:

Police in the US city of Baltimore have made arrests after clashes with protesters who were angry over the last week death of an African-American man in police custody.

The Baltimore Police Department announced on Sunday afternoon that 35 protesters had been arrested.

Thousands of people took to the streets of Baltimore to protest the brutal killing Freddie Gray who died on April 19 after white police officers broke his spine in their custody.

The demonstrators were carrying placards bearing the message "Black Lives Matter" and "Justice 4 Freddie Gray".



We conclude by discussing the embedded nature of respectability politics in American race consciousness and the need for change.