Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Race, Class and Ethics: How to write a stellar paper

Good Writing Tips, Information, and Template

  • Do not leave room for ambiguity. Be specific in the points you make and the contexts they exist within. 
  • Explain quotations and evidence. How do they fit in with your thesis and main idea ?
  • Make sure each sentence and paragraph is working to fulfill a goal, no irrelevant or redundant sentences or evidence                              Visit this website if you are still having trouble with structuring your paper

Structure and Organization

The goal of the structure and organization of your paper is to enhance how persuasive or informative your paper is; your structure should make it easier for the reader to understand not harder

  • There are different ways to arrange your information which depends on what kind of paper you are working on. You can work from specific to general, clues to conclusion which is inductive reasoning, or vice versa the conclusion to the specific clues which is deductive reasoning. Whatever pattern you choose to follow should work with your argument well and follow a logical format.
  • The most compelling piece of evidence should be towards the beginning of of the paper 
  • Details and evidence that are related should be together in the paper 
  • Transitions are pertinent; do not leave them out. Explain what you're shifting to and from.


Transitions provide clarity of how ideas or examples are related to the overall topic. Below are some transitions taken from Washington's Department of Education, more can be found in Cathy Birkenstein Gerald Graff's " They Say I Say"

  • To show place - above, below, here, there, etc.
  • To show time - after, before, currently, during, earlier, later, etc.
  • To give an example - for example, for instance, etc.
  • To show addition - additionally, also, and, furthermore, moreover, equally important, etc.
  •  To show similarity - also, likewise, in the same way, similarly, etc.
  •  To show an exception - but, however, nevertheless, on the other hand, on the contrary, yet, etc.
  • To show a sequence - first, second, third, next, then, etc.
  •  To emphasize - indeed, in fact, of course, etc.
  •  To show cause and effect - accordingly, consequently, therefore, thus, etc.
  • To conclude or repeat - finally, in conclusion, on the whole, in the end, etc. 


Research papers are supposed to be sophisticated and complex but organized and coherent sketching and outlining your paper can help you achieve this.

  • You should begin my sketching your argument, begin by writing your thesis on a page and then fill the page with points you want to make and evidence to support these points. The goal is to see the connection between your thesis, points, and evidence. 
  • Then you begin a formal outline, The outline is trying to find the structure that will illustrates the support of your thesis with clarity.
  • This is where you decide which evidence and points fit where 
  • Interrogate your outline, questions like these will make your paper invincible 
  • Does my outline see logical ?
  • Does my argument progress, or does it stall? 
  • Does this outline reflect a thorough, thoughtful argument? Have I covered the ground?

Questions taken from “UW Departments Web Server.” UW Departments Web Server,


If you are rereading your paper and find that your paper seems to lack flow you are most likely missing. Here is what to check for to fix the problem:

  • Check to make sure the evidence and things you talk about in each paragraph match the subject of that paragraph. A easy way to do this is underline the subject of each paragraph and check the following sentences for correspondence. Sometimes the subject of the paragraph is hidden as the object of a preposition in a subordinate clause which makes it hard for the reader to follow.(
  • Make sure each paragraph is working to prove your argument and thesis 
  • Each sentence should be connected to the previous one
  • Use transition words properly, if you are changing direction within your paper or you will need to ensure that the reader is following this change by using a transition.