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Citations and Bibliographies: APA Style

Common APA Citation Examples for List of References

For full style rules and formatting, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, which is available at the service desk for in-library use.  

Source Type  General Format Example
Article from a database (paginated by volume)
Author(s) last name, first initial, middle initial. (Year) Article Title. Journal Title, Volume#(Include Issue# only if pagingated by issue), pages. doi:#

**If no doi#, include instead: Retrieved from database name (unique article#).
DeLaet, D. L., & Caufield, R. P. (2008). Gay marriage as a religious right: Reframing the legal debate over gay marriage in the United States. Polity, 40, 297–320. doi:10.2307/40213478
Article in a print journal (paginated by issue)
Author(s) last name, first initial, middle initial. (Year) Article title. Journal Title, Volume#(Include Issue# only if pagingated by issue), pages.
Hasan, R. (1981). The role of woman as agents of change and development in Pakistan. Human Rights Quarterly, 3(3), 68–75.
Article in an online magazine or newspaper
Author(s) last name, first initial, middle initial. (Full Date) Article title. Publication Title, Volume#(Include Issue# only if pagingated by issue), pages. doi:#

**If no doi#, include instead: Retrieved from URL or journal homepage.
Rich, N. (2012, November 28). Can a jellyfish unlock the secret of immortality? The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/02/magazine/can-a-jellyfish-unlock-the-secret-of-immortality.html
Book   
Author(s) last name, first initial, middle initial. (Year of publication).  Book title. City of Publication: Publisher.  
Stein, L. L. (2006). Speech rights in America: the First Amendment, democracy, and the media. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Book/film review
Review author last name, first initial, middle initial. (Full date of publication) Title of Review [Review of the book Book Title, by Author/Director. Periodical Title Volume#(Include Issue# only if pagingated by issue), pages. doi:# (or Database# or URL)
Tanner, D. E. (2010, August) The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks [Review of the book The immortal life of Henreitta Lacks]. Journal of Popular Culture 43,  916–918. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5931.2010.00776_11.x
Article or chapter in an edited book
Author(s) last name, first initial, middle initial. (Year of publication). Selection title. In Editor name (Ed.), Book title (pp. pages). City of Publication: Publisher. 
Hayes, D. (2010) Parties and the media: Getting messages to voters."  In J.M. Stonecash, New directions in American political parties (pp. 44-62). New York: Routledge.
Document from a website
Author(s) of document last name, first initial, middle initial. (Full date or n.d.) Title of the document. Retrieved from URL
Miller, C. (n.d.) Homemade fermented sauerkraut. Retreived from http://www.thefamilyhomestead.com/
homemadekraut.htm

In-Text Citations

APA in-text citations are made by incorporating information about the source into the text, followed by a parenthetical reference with specific pages cited or any additional information needed.

For full style rules and formatting, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, which is available at the circulation desk for in-library use.  You can also see the following online guide for more in-text citation examples:

Basic examples:

  • In Running for My Life, Lomong (2012) describes the difficulties of beginning school at tenth grade in upstate New York (p. 110). [Here, year is included after the author's last name and the cited page number appears in the parenthetical.]
  • In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, the U.S. government stopped the resettlement program that brought Sudanese "Lost Boys" to the United States (Lomong, 2012, p. 119). [Here, author is not evident from the sentence, so the parenthetical includes both the author last name, year, and the page number.] 

APA Style Blog, Guide and Tutorials: Provided by OWL Purdue and the American Psychological Association