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Citations and Bibliographies: Chicago Style

2 Different Chicago Styles

There are two versions of Chicago Style for documentation and each style has different rules for bibliographies and for footnotes or in-text citations.  

Chicago Notes & Bibliographies Examples

For full style rules and formatting, see the The Chicago Manual of Style, which is available at the circulation desk for in-library use.  You can also see the following online guide for more citation examples for even more types of materials:

 

Source Type  General Format Example
Article from a database

Note:

Author(s) full name, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume#, no. Issue# (Year): page(s), doi:# (if available) or URL.
Debra L. DeLaet and Rachel Paine Caufield, “Gay Marriage as a Religious Right: Reframing the Legal Debate over Gay Marriage in the United States,” Polity 40, no. 3 (2008): 297, doi:10.2307/40213478.

Bibliography:

Author(s) last name, First name. "Article Name." Journal Title Volume#, no. Issue# (Year): page(s). doi:# (if available) or URL.
DeLaet, Debra L., and Rachel Paine Caufield. “Gay Marriage as a Religious Right: Reframing the Legal Debate over Gay Marriage in the United States.” Polity 40, no. 3 (2008): 297–320. doi:10.2307/40213478.
Article in a  journal in print

 

 

Note:

Author(s) full name, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume#, no. Issue# (Year): page(s).

Rafia Hasan, “The Role of Woman as Agents of Change and Development in Pakistan,” Human Rights Quarterly 3, no. 3 (1981): 68. 

Bibliography:

Author(s) last name, First name, "Article Name." Journal Title Volume#, no. Issue# (Year): page(s).
Hasan, Rafia. “The Role of Woman as Agents of Change and Development in Pakistan.” Human Rights Quarterly 3, no. 3 (1981): 68–75.
Article in an online magazine or newspaper

 

 

Note:

Author(s) full name, "Article Title," Periodical Title, Full Date, URL.

Nathaniel Rich, “Can a Jellyfish Unlock the Secret of Immortality?,” The New York Times, November 28, 2012, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/02/ magazine/can-a-jellyfish-unlock-the-secret-of-immortality.html.

Bibliography:

Author(s) last name, First name, "Article Name." Periodical Title, Full Date. URL.
Rich, Nathaniel. “Can a Jellyfish Unlock the Secret of Immortality?” The New York Times, November 28, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/02/ magazine/can-a-jellyfish-unlock-the-secret-of-immortality.html.
Book   

 

 

Note:

Author(s) full name, Book Title (Location: Publisher, Year), page#.

Laura Lynn Stein, Speech Rights in America: The First Amendment, Democracy, and the Media (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006), 126.

Bibliography:

Author(s) last name, First name. Book Title. Location: Publisher, Year.
Stein, Laura Lynn. Speech Rights in America: The First Amendment, Democracy, and the Media. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006.
Book review / film review

 

 

Note:

Review Author, review of Book/Performance Title, by Author/Director, Periodical Title Volume#, no. Issue# (Year): page(s).

David E. Tanner, review of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, by Rebecca Skloot, Journal of Popular Culture 43, no. 4 (2012): 916.

Bibliography:

Review author last name, first name. Review of Book/Performance Title, by Author/Director. Periodical Title Volume#, no. Issue# (Year): page(s).
Tanner, David E. Review of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, by Rebecca Skloot. Journal of Popular Culture 43, no. 4 (2012): 916-918.  

Article or chapter in an edited book or anthology

 

 

Note:

Author(s) of chapter/selection full name, "Selection Title," in Book Title, ed. Editor full name (Location: Publisher, Year), page#.

Danny Hayes, "Parties and the Media: Getting Messages to Voters," in New Directions in American Political Parties, ed. Jeffrey M. Stonecash (New York: Routledge, 2010), 44. 

Bibliography:

Author(s) of chapter/selection last name, first name. "Selection Title." In Book Title, edited by Editor full name, page(s). Location: Publisher, Year.
Hayes, Danny. "Parties and the Media: Getting Messages to Voters." In New Directions in American Political Parties, edited by Jeffrey M. Stonecash, 44-62. New York: Routledge, 2010. 
Short work from a website

 

 

Note:

Author(s) of short work full name (if available), "Title of the short work," Website Title, Sponser of the Site, URL.

Crystal Miller, "Homemade Fermented Sauerkraut," The Family Homestead, The Family Homestead,  http://www.thefamilyhomestead.com/ homemadekraut.htm.

Bibliography:

Author(s) of short work last name, first name (if available). "Title of the short work." Website Title. Sponser of the Site. URL.
Miller, Crystal. "Homemade Fermented Sauerkraut." The Family Homestead. The Family Homestead. http://www.thefamilyhomestead.com/ homemadekraut.htm.
Entire website

 

 

Note:

Website author(s)/corporate author full name (if available), Website Title, URL.

David Leip, Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections, http://uselectionatlas.org.

Bibliography:

Website author(s)/corporate author last name, first name (if available). Website Title. URL.
Leip, David. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. http://uselectionatlas.org.

For more citation examples for even more types of materials, pick up a guide at the circulation desk or see:

Chicago Author-Date Reference List Examples

For full style rules and formatting, see the Chicago Manual of Style, which is available at the circulation desk for in-library use.  You can also see the following online guide for more citation examples for even more types of materials:

 

Source Type  General Format Example
Article from a database
Author(s) last name, First name. Year. "Article Name." Journal Title Volume#(Issue#): page(s). doi:# (if available) or URL.
DeLaet, Debra L., and Rachel Paine Caufield. 2008. “Gay Marriage as a Religious Right: Reframing the Legal Debate over Gay Marriage in the United States.” Polity 40(3): 297–320. doi:10.2307/40213478.
Article in a scholarly journal in print
Author(s) last name, First name. Year. "Article Name." Journal Title Volume#(Issue#): page(s).
Hasan, Rafia. 1981. “The Role of Woman as Agents of Change and Development in Pakistan.” Human Rights Quarterly 3(3): 68–75.
Article in an online magazine or newspaper
Author(s) last name, First name. Year. "Article Name." Periodical Title, Month and Day. URL.
Rich, Nathaniel. 2012. “Can a Jellyfish Unlock the Secret of Immortality?” The New York Times, November 28. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/02/ magazine/can-a-jellyfish-unlock-the-secret-of-immortality.html.
Book   
Author(s) last name, First name. Year. Book Title. Location: Publisher.
Stein, Laura Lynn. 2006. Speech Rights in America: The First Amendment, Democracy, and the Media. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Article or chapter in an edited book or anthology
Author(s) of chapter/selection last name, first name. Year. "Selection Title." In Book Title, edited by Editor full name, page(s). Location: Publisher.
Hayes, Danny. 2010. "Parties and the Media: Getting Messages to Voters." In New Directions in American Political Parties, edited by Jeffrey M. Stonecash, 44-62. New York: Routledge. 
Short work from a website
Author(s) of short work last name, first name (if available). Year created (or accessed). "Title of the short work." Website Title. Month and day created (or accessed if undated). URL.
Miller, Crystal. 2012. "Homemade Fermented Sauerkraut." The Family Homestead. November 28. http://www.thefamilyhomestead.com/ homemadekraut.htm.
Entire website
Website author(s)/corporate author last name, first name (if available). Year created (or accessed). Website Title. Month and day created (or accessed if undated). URL.
Leip, David. 2012. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. November 28. http://uselectionatlas.org.

For more citation examples for even more types of materials, pick up a guide at the circulation desk or see:

Chicago Author-Date In-Text Citations

Chicago author-date style in-text citations are made by inserting a parenthesis with the author last name, date of work, and page number in the text after the quoted or cited material.

For full style rules and formatting, see the Chicago Manual of Style, which is available at the circulation desk for in-library use.  You can also see the following online guide for more in-text citation examples:

Basic examples:

  • In Running for My Life, Lomong (2012) describes the difficulties of beginning school at tenth grade in upstate New York (110). [Here, when author is mentioned in the text, year appears in parenthesis after the author's last name. Cited page number appears in parenthetical at the end of the sentence.]
  • In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, the U.S. government stopped the resettlement program that brought Sudanese "Lost Boys" to the United States (Lomong 2012, 119). [Here, author last name, year, and cited page number appear in the parenthetical with comma between year and page number.] 

Chicago Handbook