Before you can synthesize across various articles, you may need to practice how to paraphrase an idea from a single article. Paraphrasing is much harder than using a direct quote, but it demonstrates your critical thinking ability and your understanding of the article's idea. Sometimes, an author says something better than we can, and in that case, it's fine to use a direct quote. Try not to over burden your paper with direct quotes. A literature review section should rely mostly on paraphrasing and synthesizing.
Use these handouts below to practice paraphrasing:
Synthesizing is a method of analyzing the main ideas and important information from your sources as you read and prepare to write a literature review. Review the resources below for sample synthesizing methods. Both examples have tables you can fill out as you read articles to help you organize your thoughts.
Use the articles below to learn about:
Make sure you follow any instructions from you professor on how to format your literature review! Use the examples below to get ideas for how you might write about the sources you found in your research.